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Second Grade

Second Grade Teacher:  Mrs. Christine Yearly

In second grade we integrate language skills, mathematics, social studies, and science with the specialist subject areas of Spanish, music, art, technology and physical education in order to enrich and maximize learning experiences. Through these experiences, we develop responsible and positive attitudes toward the learning process. Our program focuses on helping students make connections for learning, generating vital links that unite all aspects of the curriculum.

In our language arts study, particular focus is paid to developing greater writing skills – our children all write paragraphs and sentences in their proper format, and are encouraged to use more expression in their creative writing. Students are encouraged to start using research materials more fully to support their writing, and to share this thinking with their peers during class time.

Our math work continues to give every student a strong grounding in the math facts they require, as well as moving into the areas of measurement and matter. We cover many core concepts, and completion of check-up and extension worksheets are a part of the daily routine. Enrichment work is provided for those students who are exhibiting stronger math capabilities.

During second grade particular focus is placed on developing our children’s sense of where they fit in the world. Our children sit in “continent groups”, and during the year our social studies curriculum covers all of the continents, immersing our children into each one with a rich variety of stimulus and work projects. Within each continent we learn about the geography, culture, people, habitats and animals that exist there and how they are similar or different to our lives.

In science, we bring learning to life, with multiple hands-on experiments during the year. Children work in teams to undertake work, record results, and create hypotheses about the causes of what they have seen. We leverage their natural excitement for this area and allow them to work together and independently to further their understanding of the concepts being discussed. Highlights of our year include our study of the moon, weather, magnets, and planting and managing our vegetable garden.

Field trips are linked to the curriculum. We visit the Philadelphia Zoo in the Spring. This is an exciting culmination of our studies of animals from various habitats all over the world. Our second graders continue to be involved in service projects throughout the year.

Highlights of the year include our live presentation of songs, poetry and information, focusing on a theme connected to our curriculum such as our study of the continents, and our creation of life-size penguins after we have finished our Antarctic study unit.

In second grade we aim to create friends for life as our children learn to work together to achieve their objectives, recognizing each other’s unique gifts and talents. At the end of our year, we gain special pleasure from seeing how this has happened.

Second Grade Curriculum Overview:

Language Arts

  • Instruction in different types and parts of sentences.
  • Commencement of capitalization and punctuation and key grammar rules.
  • Introducing formatted writing; paragraphs, interviews, poetry, diary entries, fact sheets, riddles and short essays.
  • Writing complete and organized thoughts.
  • Construction of letters (the five parts of a friendly letter).
  • Spelling focused on short and long vowel sounds; spelling patterns (consonant clusters, digraphs, and silent letters); alphabetizing words; using guide words; understanding words with multiple meaning.
  • Reading comprehension, language mechanics, grammar usage, sentence structure and understanding of elements of a story are developed.
  • Reading of fiction and non-fiction curriculum-linked books.
  • Commencement of script writing.


  • Addition and subtraction through to 20, fact families and place value through hundreds.
  • Subtraction with regrouping.
  • Odd and even numbers.
  • Greater than, less than symbols and usage, rounding and estimating.
  • Counting by 2s, 3s, 4s, 5, and 10s; Working with 3 and 4 digit numbers.
  • Data and graphing – comparing and using data, interpreting and making bar graphs and pictograms.
  • Multiplication in vertical and horizontal form introduced.
  • Money values – identifying, counting, comparing combinations, making change.
  • Measurement – different units of measurement, mass, volume, length, temperature, time. Estimating versus actual measurement.
  • Identification of patterns and problem solving.
  • Fractions explored – identifying, reading, writing, recognizing equivalent fractions, and identifying fractions related to time, money and other units of measure.
  • Telling the time – all units of measure.


    Earth Science:
  • Water (types, forms, uses).
  • Our moving Earth (rotation, revolution, position in space).
  • The Moon (characteristics, phases, motion in relation to other planets).
  • Air and weather (wind forces, weather and climate, effects of air pollution, clouds and storms).


    Human Science:

  • Parts of the body, good health (nutrition, exercise, rest), and health care (scheduled exams, preventive care).
    Physical Science:

  • Matter – main states, measurement of matter, effect of heat and cold).
  • Magnets – different kinds, properties, uses, and importance.
  • Light and shadow.

Social Studies

  • Our World: Geography, climate, history, people, customs, and wildlife of the Continents: Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, North America and South America.